France Stratégie, the former Planning Commission, has just published a very comprehensive report entitled: “Sustainabilities: orchestrating and planning public action”. It offers a method for implementing ecological planning.

On its site, France Strategy has published a very interesting report, because it is devoted to ecological planning.

This ecological planning is one of the rare points on which Jean-Luc Mélenchon and Emmanuel Macron agree: we need it. And this report tells us how it can be implemented.

It is a work of more than two years, coordinated by Johanna Barasz and Hélène Garner, who made work more than 300 experts. Planning, France Strategy knows well since this body is none other than the former General Planning Commission. He reports to the Prime Minister and to François Bayrou.

But let's be clear: ecological planning, Jean-Luc Mélenchon spoke about it long before France Strategy and long before Emmanuel Macron. His parliamentary group even tabled a bill on the subject, prepared by Martine Billard, in 2009.

What exactly is meant by ecological planning?

You know that we have made climate commitments, with stages in 2030 and 2050. This is a time horizon that does not correspond to any electoral calendar, it is much longer than all the terms of office.

And these long-term commitments sometimes, often even, go against our short-term interests. This is the famous debate between the end of the world or the end of the month for citizens, and for companies between the general interest and profit.

To bring all this together, we need a vast process of deliberation, at all levels of society: in our municipalities, in associations, unions. it must lead us to share a diagnosis. Then to look together for solutions to reduce our CO2 emissions that are understood and acceptable to the wider world.

It is also an opportunity to clearly state disagreements, such as the place of nuclear power for example, in order to be able to settle them democratically.

And the ecological planning of Jean-Luc Mélenchon and that of Emmanuel Macron, can it be the same?

In Sweden, for example, it is a transpartisan exercise, which must lead to a climate law voted by a large majority. This does not prevent the debates.

But I note that France Strategy does not go as far as Jean-Luc Mélenchon on the need to have a “golden climate rule”, a “green rule”. That of Mélenchon is “not to take from nature more than what it is able to reconstitute”.

And there is another point already on which we already know that they do not agree. For Emmanuel Macron, companies must be at the heart of the planning process. For Mélenchon, the employees will be there, but the companies will have to comply with the standards that the State will adopt. On this point alone, there is material for a good debate.